All of the files in this page are copyrighted. They are provided for your convenience, yet you may download them only if you are entitled to do so by your arrangements with various publishers. * indicates the corresponding author, and # equal contribution. Please refer to Representative Papers and Review Papers for overview of our research; Selected Papers, All Papers and Patents for more details; Google Scholar and ResearchID for citations of our papers.

134. Sui Zhang*, Shaoting Lin, Xuanhe Zhao, Rohit Karnik*, Thermodynamic analysis and material design to enhance chemo-mechanical coupling in hydrogels for energy harvesting from salinity gradientsJournal of Applied Physics (2020). 

133. Xiaoyu Chen#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Jingjing Wu, Christoph S. Nabzdyk, Xuanhe Zhao*, Instant tough bioadhesive with triggerable benign detachmentProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2020). SM and Videos. MIT News. MIT Spotlight

132. Liu Wang#, Yoonho Kim#, Chuanfei Guo, Xuanhe Zhao*, Hard-magnetic elasticaJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 142, 104045, (2020).

131. Xuanhe Zhao*, EML webinar overview: Extreme mechanics of soft materials for merging human-machine intelligenceExtreme Mechanics Letters 39 100784 (2020) Webinar video on YouTube and Weibo.

130. Yunwei Mao#, Qi He#, Xuanhe Zhao*, Designing complex architectured materials with generative adversarial networks, Science Advances 6, eaaz4169 (2020)

129. Hyunwoo Yuk#, Baoyang Lu#, Shen Lin, Kai Qu, Jingkun Xu, Jianhong Luo, Xuanhe Zhao*, 3D printing of conducting polymers, Nature Communications 11, 1604 (2020) MIT NewsBehind the Paper.

128. Akihisa Inoue#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Baoyang Lu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Strong adhesion of wet conducting polymers on diverse substrates, Science Advances 6, eaay5394 (2020) MIT News.

127. Ji Liu#, Shaoting Lin#, Xinyue Liu#, Zhao Qin#, Yueying Yang, Jianfeng Zang*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Fatigue-resistant adhesion of hydrogelsNature Communications 11, 1071 (2020).

126. Clara Park, Yiling Fan, Gregor Hager, Hyunwoo Yuk, Manisha Singh, Allison Rojas, Aamir Hameed, Mossab Saeed, Nikolay V. Vasilyev, Terry W. J. Steele, Xuanhe Zhao, Christopher T. Nguyen* and Ellen T. Roche*, An organosynthetic dynamic heart model with enhanced biomimicry guided by cardiac diffusion tensor imaging, Science Robotics 5, eaay9106 (2020).

125. Xinyue Liu, Ji Liu, Shaoting Lin, Xuanhe Zhao*, Hydrogel machinesMaterials Today (2020).

124. Ningning Bai#, Liu Wang#, Qi Wang, Jue Deng, Yan Wang, Peng Lu, Jun Huang, Gang Li, Yuan Zhang, Junlong Yang, Kewei Xie, Xuanhe Zhao, Chuan Fei Guo*, Graded intrafillable architecture-based iontronic pressure sensor with ultra-broad-range high sensitivityNature Communications 11, 209 (2020).

123. Xinyu Mao, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xuanhe Zhao*, Hydration and swelling of dry polymers for wet adhesionJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 137103863, (2020).


122. Xuanhe Zhao*, Yoonho Kim, Soft microbots controlled by nanomagnetsNature 575 (7781), 58-59 (2019) ABAQUS Code and Discussion.

115. Hyunwoo Yuk#, Claudia E. Varela#, Christoph S. Nabzdyk, Xinyu Mao, Robert F. Padera, Ellen T. Roche, Xuanhe Zhao*, Dry Double-sided Tape for Adhesion of Wet Tissues and Devices, Nature 575 (7781), 169-174 (2019) Main text, SM. STM Editor’s Choice.

121. Yoonho Kim, German A. Parada, Shengduo Liu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Ferromagnetic soft continuum robots, Science Robotics 4, eaax7329 (2019) ABAQUS Code and Discussion, MIT News, MIT Spotlight, Nature Highlight (Web), Nature Highlight (Paper).

120. Jiliang Hu, Yiwei Li, Yukun Hao, Tianqi Zheng, Satish K. Gupta, German Alberto Parada, Huayin Wu, Shaoting Lin, Shida Wang, Xuanhe Zhao, Robert D. Goldman, Shengqiang Cai, and Ming Guo*, High stretchability, strength, and toughness of living cells enabled by hyperelastic vimentin intermediate filamentsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2019).

119. Bianca Giovanardi, Adam A. Sliwiak, Anwar Koshakji, Shaoting Lin, Xuanhe Zhao, Raúl Radovitzky*, A path-following simulation-based study of elastic instabilities in nearly-incompressible confined cylinders under tension, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids  (2019).

118. Shaoting Lin#, Ji Liu#, Xinyue Liu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Muscle-like fatigue-resistant hydrogels by mechanical training, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  (2019).

117. Yan Yu#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, German A. Parada#, You Wu, Xinyue Liu, Christoph S. Nabzdyk, Kamal Youcef-Toumi, Jianfeng Zang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Multifunctional “Hydrogel Skins” on Diverse Polymers with Arbitrary Shapes, Advanced Materials 31, 1807101 (2019).

116. Hyunwoo Yuk#, Baoyang Lu#, Xuanhe Zhao*, Hydrogel Bioelectronics, Chemical Society Review 48, 1642 – 1667 (2019).

114. Ruike Zhao#, Yoonho Kim#, Shawn A. Chester, Pradeep Sharma, Xuanhe Zhao*, Mechanics of hard-magnetic soft materials, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 124, 244-263 (2019) ABAQUS Code and Discussion.

113. Shaoting Lin#, Xinyue Liu#, Ji Liu#, Hyunwoo Yuk, Hyun-Chae Loh, German A. Parada, Charles Settens, Jake Song, Admir Masic, Gareth H. McKinley, Xuanhe Zhao*, Anti-fatigue-fracture hydrogels, Science Advances 5, eaau8528 (2019)

112. Baoyang Lu#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Shaoting Lin, Nannan Jian, Kai Qu, Jingkun Xu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Pure PEDOT:PSS hydrogels, Nature Communications 10, 1043 (2019).

110. Xinyue Liu, Christoph Steiger, Shaoting Lin, German A. Parada, Ji Liu, Hon Fai Chan, Hyunwoo Yuk, Nhi V. Phan, Joy Collins, Siddartha Tamang, Giovanni Traverso, Xuanhe Zhao*, Ingestible hydrogel device, Nature Communications 10, 493 (2019).

104. Kai Zhang#, Chu Ma#, Qi He#, Shaoting Lin, Yi Chen, Yu Zhang, Nicholas X. Fang*, and Xuanhe Zhao*, Metagel with Broadband Tunable Acoustic Properties Over Air–Water–Solid Ranges, Advanced Functional Materials, 1903699 (2019).

111. Guoying Gu*, Jiang Zou, Ruike Zhao, Xuanhe Zhao*, Xiangyang Zhu*, Soft Wall-Climbing Robots, Science Robotics 3, eaat2874 (2018).

109. Evgenia Р. Gilshteyn, Shaoting Lin, Vladislav A. Kondrashov, Daria S. Kopylova, Alexey P. Tsapenko, Anton S. Anisimov, John A. Hart, Xuanhe Zhao, Albert G. Nasibulin*, A one-step method of hydrogel modification by single-walled carbon nanotubes for highly stretchable and transparent electronics, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 28069 (2018).

108. Moffat, K.L., Goon, K., Moutos, F.T., Estes, B.T., Oswald, S.J., Zhao, X. and Guilak, F.,  Composite Cellularized Structures Created from an Interpenetrating Polymer Network Hydrogel Reinforced by a 3D Woven Scaffold. Macromolecular Bioscience 18, 1800140 (2018).

107. Jaewoo Shim#, Sang-Hoon Bae#, Wei Kong#, Kuan Qiao#, Daniel Nezich, Ruike Zhao, Suresh Sundram, Xin Li, Kyusang Lee, Jagadeesh Moodera, Xuanhe Zhao, Christopher Hinkle, Abdallah Ougazzaden, and Jeehwan Kim*, Controlled crack propagation for atomic precision handling of wafer-scale two-dimensional materials, Science 362, 665 (2018).

105. Hon Fai Chan, Ruike Zhao, German A. Parada, Kam W. Leong, Linda G. Griffith, Xuanhe Zhao*, Folding Artificial Mucosa with Cell-Laden Hydrogels Guided by Mechanics Models, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, 7503 (2018), SI.

103. Yoonho Kim#, Hunwoo Yuk#, Ruike Zhao#, Shawn Chester and Xuanhe Zhao*, Printing ferromagnetic domains for untethered fast-transforming soft materials, Nature 558 (7709), 274-279 (2018) MIT VideoNature Video, MIT NewsNature NewsMIT Spotlight, Behind the PaperABAQUS Code and Discussion.

102. Ruike Zhao, Shaoting Lin, Hyunwoo Yuk, and Xuanhe Zhao*, Kirigami enhances film adhesion, Soft Matter 14, 2515 (2018) MIT Spotlight.

99. German A. Parada, Xuanhe Zhao*, Ideal reversible polymer networks, Soft Matter 14, 5186 (2018).

98. Shaoting Lin, Yunwei Mao, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xuanhe Zhao*, Material-Stiffening Suppresses Elastic Fingering and Fringe Instabilities, International Journal of Solids and Structures 139, 96-104 (2018).

101. Xinyue Liu, Hyunwoo Yuk, Shaoting Lin, German Alberto Parada, Tzu-Chieh Tang, Eléonore Tham, César de la Fuente, Timothy K. Lu, Xuanhe Zhao*, 3D Printing of Living Responsive Materials and Devices, Advanced Materials, 1704821 (2017) SI, MIT report. MIT Spotlight. News. Video Abstract. Advanced Materials front cover.

100. Xuanhe Zhao*, Designing Toughness and Strength for Soft Materials, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 8138-8140 (2017)

97. German A. Parada, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xinyue Liu, Alex J. Hsieh, and Xuanhe Zhao*, Impermeable Robust Hydrogels via Hybrid Lamination, Advanced Healthcare Materials, DOI:10.1002/adhm.201700520. MIT report. MIT Frontpage Spotlight. Boston.

96. Hyunwoo Yuk, Xuanhe Zhao*, A New 3D Printing Strategy by Harnessing Deformation, Instability and Fracture of Viscoelastic Inks, Advanced Materials, 30, 1704028 (2018) SI.

95. Shaoting Lin, Yunwei Mao, Raul Radovitzky, Xuanhe Zhao*, Instabilities in Confined Elastic Layers under Tension: Fringe, Fingering and Cavitation, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 106, 229 (2017)

94. Shengyou Yang, Xuanhe Zhao, and Pradeep Sharma*, Avoiding the pull-ininstability of a dielectric elastomer film and the potential for increased actuation and energy harvesting, Soft Matter, 13, 4552-4558 (2017)

93. Ruike Zhao, Xuanhe Zhao*, Multimodal Surface Instabilities in Curved Film-Substrate Structures, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 84(8), 081001 (2017)

92. Shengyou Yang, Xuanhe Zhao, Pradeep Sharma*, Revisiting the instability and bifurcation behavior of soft dielectrics. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 84, 031008 (2017)

91. Yunwei Mao, Shaoting Lin, Xuanhe Zhao, Lallit Anand*, A large deformation viscoelastic model for double-network hydrogels, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 100, 103–130 (2017)

90. Xinyue Liu, Tzu-Chieh Tang, Eleonore Tham, Hyunwoo Yuk, Shaoting Lin, Timothy K. Lu*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Stretchable Living Materials and Devices with Hydrogel-Elastomer Hybrids Hosting Programmed Cells, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 2200–2205 (2017) News. MIT report. MIT MechE Front page.

89. W. Wang, L. Yao, C. Y. Cheng, T. Zhang, H. Atsumi, G. Wang, L. Wang, O. anilionyte, H. Steiner, J. Ou, K. Zhou, C. Wawrousek, K. Petrecca, R. Karnik, X. Zhao*, D. I. C. Wang*, H. Ishii*, Harnessing the Hygroscopic and Biofluorescent Behaviors of Genetically-Tractable Microbial Cells to Design Bio-hybrid Wearables, Science Advances, 3, e1601984 (2017) MIT News. Video.

87. Hyunwoo Yuk, Shaoting Lin, Chu Ma, Mahdi Takaffoli, Nicholas X. Fang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Hydraulic hydrogel actuators and robots optically and sonically camouflaged in water, Nature Communications, 8, 14230 (2017) News. MIT report. Video. 

84. Mark A. Gonzalez, Joseph Simon, Ali Ghoorchian, Zachary Scholl, Shaoting Lin, Michael Rubinstein, Piotr Marszalek, Ashutosh Chilkoti, Gabriel P. López*, and Xuanhe Zhao*, Strong, tough, stretchable and self-adhesive hydrogels from intrinsically unstructured proteins, Advanced Materials, 1604743 (2017) DOI: 10.1002/adma.201604743

82. Teng Zhang, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xuanhe Zhao*, Tough and Tunable Adhesion of Hydrogels: Experiments and Models, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 33, 543 (2017)

88. Jingjing Guo, Xinyue Liu, Nan Jiang, Ali K. Yetisen, Hyunwoo Yuk, Changxi Yang, Ali Khademhosseini, Xuanhe Zhao, and Seok-Hyun Yun*, Highly Stretchable, Strain Sensing Hydrogel Optical Fibers, Advanced Materials, 28, 10244 (2016) MIT spotlight, MIT News, Fox News

86. Shaoting Lin, Tal Cohen, Teng Zhang, Hyunwoo Yuk, Rohan Abeyaratne, Xuanhe Zhao*, Fringe Instability in Constrained Soft Elastic Layers, Soft Matter, 12, 8899 (2016)

85. Hyunwoo Yuk, Teng Zhang, German Alberto Parada, Xinyue Liu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Skin-Inspired Hydrogel-Elastomer Hybrids, Nature Communications, 7, 12028 (2016), MIT Spotlight; MIT News; MIT Video; Boston Magazine

83. Phanindhar Shivapooja, Changyong Cao, Beatriz Orihuela, Vrad Levering, Xuanhe Zhao, Daniel Rittschof, Gabriel P. López*, Incorporation of Silicone Oil into Elastomers Enhances Barnacle Detachment by Active Surface Strain, Biofouling, 32, 1017-1028 (2016)

81. Mahdi Takaffoli, Teng Zhang, David Parks, Xuanhe Zhao*, Mechanochemically Responsive Viscoelastic Elastomers, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 83, 071007 (2016)

80. Qiming Wang*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Beyond Wrinkle: Multimodal Surface Instabilities for Multifunctional Patterning, MRS Bulletin, 41, 115 (2016) Invited review

77.Vrad Levering, Changyong Cao, Phanindhar Shivapooja, Howard Levinson, Xuanhe Zhao* and Gabriel P. López*, Urinary catheter capable of repeated on-demand removal of infectious biofilms via active deformation, Biomaterials, 77, 77-86 (2016)

76. Hyunwoo Yuk, Teng Zhang, Shaoting Lin, German Alberto Parada, Xuanhe Zhao*, Tough Bonding of Hydrogels to Diverse Nonporous Surfaces, Nature Materials, 15, 190-196 (2016)

79. Shaoting Lin#, Hyunwoo Yuk#, Teng Zhang#, Hyunwoo Koo, Cunjiang Yu and Xuanhe Zhao*, Stretchable Hydrogel Electronics and Devices, Advanced Materials, 28, 4497–4505(2016) 

78. N Pugno*, M Buehler, X Zhao, Soft Nanomaterials, Journal of Materials Research, 30, 1 (2015)

75. Changyong Cao, Yaying Feng, Jianfeng Zang, Gabriel P. Lopez and Xuanhe Zhao*, Tunable Lotus-Leaf and Rose-Petal Effects via Graphene Paper Origami, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 4, 18 (2015)

74. Sungmin Hong#, Dalton Sycks#, Hon Fai Chan#, Shaoting Lin, Gabriel P. Lopez, Farshid Guilak, Kam W. Leong, and Xuanhe Zhao*, 3D Printing of Highly Stretchable and Tough Hydrogels into Complex, Cellularized Structures, Advance Materials, 27, 4035 (2015) Supporting Information 

73. A Ghoorchian, J.R. Simon, B. Bharti, W. Han, X. Zhao, A. Chilkoti, G.P. López*, Bio-inspired Reversibly-Crosslinked Hydrogels Comprising Polypeptide Micelles Exhibit Enhanced Mechanical Properties, Advanced Functional Materials, 25, 3122 (2015) Supporting Information

72. Phanindhar Shivapooja, Qiming Wang, Daniel Rittschof, Xuanhe Zhao, and Gabriel P. López*, Dynamic surface deformation of silicone elastomers for management of marine biofouling: laboratory and field studies using pneumatic actuation, Biofouling, 31, 265 (2015)

71. Qiming Wang, Gregory R. Gossweiler, Stephen L. Craig, Xuanhe Zhao*, Mechanics of Mechanochemically Responsive Elastomers, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 82, 320–344 (2015).

70. Teng Zhang, Shaoting Lin, Hyunwoo Yuk, Xuanhe Zhao*, Predicting Fracture Energies and Crack-Tip Fields of Soft Tough Materials, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 4, 1 (2015) SI

66. Qiming Wang, Xuanhe Zhao*, A Three-Dimensional Phase Diagram of Growth-Induced Surface Instabilities, Scientific Reports, 5, 8887 (2015) Supporting Information

69. Shaoting Lin#, Yihao Zhou#, Xuanhe Zhao*, Designing Extremely Resilient and Tough Hydrogels via Delayed Dissipation, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 1, 70-75 (2014)

68. Qiming Wang, Gregory R. Gossweiler, Stephen L. Craig*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Cephalopod-inspired Design of Electro-mechano-chemically Responsive Elastomers for On-demand Fluorescent Patterning, Nature Communications, 5, 4899 (2014) Supporting Information, Video 1, Video 2, Video 3, Video 4 Nature News, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, The Slate, MIT Featured News, MIT Today’s Spotlight

67. Jianfeng Zang#, Changyong Cao#, Yaying Feng#, Jie Liu, Xuanhe Zhao*, Stretchable and High-Performance Supercapacitors with Crumpled Graphene Paper, Scientific Reports, 4, 6492 (2014) Supporting Information

65. Shaoting Lin, Changyong Cao, Qiming Wang, Mark Gonzalez, John E. Dolbow, Xuanhe Zhao*,Design of Stiff, Tough and Stretchy Hydrogel Composites via Nanoscale Hybrid Crosslinking and Macroscale Fiber Reinforcement, Soft Matter, 10, 7519, (2014) Supporting Information, Video 1, Most read articles of Soft Matter in July and August 2014.

64. Qiming Wang, Dominick Robinson, and Xuanhe Zhao*, On-Demand Hierarchical Patterning with Electric Fields, Applied Physics Letters, 104, 231605 (2014).

63. Zachary Kean, Jennifer Hawk, Shaoting Lin, Xuanhe Zhao, Rint Sijbesma, Stephen Craig*, Increasing the maximum achievable strain of a covalent polymer gel through the addition of mechanically invisible cross-links, Advanced Materials, 26, 6013–6018 (2014)

62. Xuanhe Zhao*, Qiming Wang, Harnessing Large Deformation and Instabilities of Soft Dielectrics: Theory, Experiment and Application, Applied Physics Review, 1, 021304 (2014) Invited review by Applied Physics Review. Selected as Applied Physics Review Editor’s Picks.

61. Vrad Levering#, Qiming Wang#, Phanindhar Shivapooja, Xuanhe Zhao*, Gabriel P. López*, Soft Robotic Concepts in Catheter Design: an On-demand Fouling-release Urinary Catheter, Advanced Healthcare Materials, 3, 1588-1596 (2014) Supporting Information, Video 1, Reported by MedGadget, Plastics Today, The Scientist, Pratt News.

60. Gregory R. Gossweiler, Gihan B. Hewage, Gerardo Soriano, Qiming Wang, Garrett W. Welshofer, Xuanhe Zhao, Stephen L. Craig*, Reversible and Repeatable Mechanochemical Activation of Covalent Bonds in an Elastic Solid, ACS Macro Lett., 3, 216?19 (2014) Selected as 2013 ACS Arthur K. Doolittle Award, Highlight on Nature Chemistry

59. Nathaniel Huebsch, Evi Lippens, Kangwon Lee, Manav Mehta, Christopher Madl, Maria Xu, Xuanhe Zhao, Ovijit Chaudhuri, Catia Verbeke, Woo Seob Kim, Karen Alim, Akiko Mammoto, Donald Ingber, Georg Duda, David Mooney*, Matrix Elasticity Controls Bone Formation by Transplanted Stem Cells, Nature Materials, In press Supporting Information

58. Sungmin Hong, Youngmee Jung, Ringo Yen, Kam W Leong, George A Truskey*, and Xuanhe Zhao*, Magenetoactive Sponges for Dynamic Control of Microfluidic Flow Patterns in Microphysiological Systems, Lab on a Chip, 14, 514-521 (2014) Supporting Information, Video 1, Video 2, Video 3

57. Xuanhe Zhao*, Multi-scale Multi-mechanism Design of Tough Hydrogels: Building Dissipation into Stretchy Networks, Soft Matter, 10, 672 (2014) Most read articles of Soft Matter in Jan and Feb 2014.

56. Changyong Cao, Hon Fai Chan, Jianfeng Zang, Kam W. Leong, Xuanhe Zhao*, Harnessing Localized Ridges for High-Aspect-Ratio Hierarchical Patterns with Dynamic Tunability and Multifunctionality, Advanced Materials, 26, 1633 (2014) Supporting Information, Video 1, Selected as Cover of Advanced Materials, Featured on 1,100 Words.

54. Qiming Wang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Phase Diagrams of Instabilities in Compressed Film-Substrate Systems, Journal of Applied Mechanics, 81, 051004 (2014)

47. Nathaniel Huebsch#, Cathal Kearney#, Xuanhe Zhao#, Jaeyun Kim, Christine Cezar, Zhigang Suo and David J Mooney*, Ultrasound-triggered disruption and self-healing of reversibly-crosslinked hydrogels for drug delivery and enhanced chemotherapy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111, 9762-9767 (2014).

38. Qiming Wang, Anirudh C. Mohan, Michelle L. Oyen, Xuanhe Zhao*, Separating Viscoelasticity and Poroelasticity of Gels with Different Length and Time Scales, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 30, 20 (2014)

55. Qiming Wang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Creasing-Wrinkling Transition in Elastomer Films under Electric Fields, Physical Review E, 88, 042403 (2013) Supporting Information, Video 1

53. George Truskey*, Hardean Achneck, Nenad Bursac, Hon Fai Chan, Cindy Cheng, Cristina Fernandez, Sungmin Hong, Youngmee Jung, Tim Koves, William Kraus, Kam Leong, Lauran Madden, William Reichert, Xuanhe Zhao, Design Considerations for an Integrated Microphysiological Muscle Tissue for Drug and Tissue Toxicity Testing, Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 4, S10 (2013)

52. Changyong Cao, Xuanhe Zhao*, Tunable Stiffness of Electrorheological Elastomers by Designing Mesostructures, Applied Physics Letters, 103, 041901 (2013)

51. Harold S. Park*, Qiming Wang, Xuanhe Zhao, Patrick A. Klein, Electromechanical Instability on Dielectric Polymer Surface: Modeling and Experiment, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 260, 40 (2013).

50. I-Chien Liao, Franklin T. Moutos, Bradley T. Estes, Xuanhe Zhao*, Farshid Guilak*, Composite three-dimensional woven scaffolds with interpenetrating network hydrogels to create functional synthetic articular cartilage, Advanced Functional Materials, 47, 5833-5839 (2013) Selected as Cover of Advanced Functional Materials; Reported by Economic Times, AZoM, R&D Magazine, Duke Today, Medical Design Technology, Pratt News,

49. Jianghong Wu, Jianfeng Zang, Aaron R. Rathmell, Xuanhe Zhao*, Benjamin J. Wiley*, Reversible Sliding in Networks of Nanowires, Nanoletters, 13, 2381 (2013) Supporting Information

48. Daniel Strange, Timothy Fletcher, Khaow Tonsomboon, Helen Brawn, Xuanhe Zhao, and Michelle Oyen*, Separating poroviscoelastic deformation mechanisms in hydrogels. Applied Physics Letters, 102, 031913 (2013).

46. Jianfeng Zang, Seunghwa Ryu, Nicola Pugno, Qiming Wang, Qing Tu, Markus J. Buehler, Xuanhe Zhao*, Multifunctionality and Control of the Crumpling and Unfolding of Large-Area Graphene, Nature Materials, 12, 321 (2013) Selected as Top 10 Uses for the World’s Strongest Material by Discovery News, Reported by ScienceWorld Report, AZoNano, and MRS Materials 360

45. Phanindhar Shivapooja#, Qiming Wang#, Beatriz Orihuela, Daniel Rittschof, Gabriel P. López*, Xuanhe Zhao*, Bioinspired Surfaces with Dynamic Topography for Active Control of Biofouling, Advanced Materials, 25, 1430 (2013) Supporting Information (#: Equal contribution) Selected as shortlist for Ship Technology Global Innovation in Energy Efficiency Awards 2013MRS Materials 360, Tribology & Lubrication Technology, Triangle Business Journal, Popular Science, and Duke Magazine.

43. Darinka D Klumpers, Xuanhe Zhao, David J Mooney, Theo H. Smit*, Cellular Traction Forces in 3D Tissue Constructs Lead to Patterning and Spatially Regulated Differentiation, Integrative Biology, 5, 1174 (2013)

44. Qiming Wang , Xiaofan Niu , Qibing Pei , Michael Dickey, Xuanhe Zhao*, Electromechanical Instabilities of Thermoplastics: Theory and In Situ Observation, Applied Physics Letters, 101, 141911 (2012). Supporting Information, Video 1.

42. Jeong-Yun Sun, Xuanhe Zhao, Widusha R. K. Illeperuma, Ovijit Chaudhuri, Kyu Hwan Oh, David J. Mooney, Joost J. Vlassak, Zhigang Suo*, Highly stretchable and tough hydrogels, Nature, 489, 133 (2012) Supporting Information, Video 1, Video 2, Video 3, Nature News

41. Qiming Wang, Mukarram Tahir, Jianfeng Zang, and Xuanhe Zhao*, Dynamic Electrostatic Lithography: Multiscale On-demand Patterning on Large-Area Curved Surfaces, Advanced Materials, 24, 1947?951 (2012) Advanced Materials Frontispiece, BBC Focus Magzine, MIT Technology Review (Chinese version)

40. Qiming Wang, Zhigang Suo, Xuanhe Zhao*, Bursting Drops in Solid Dielectrics Caused by High Voltages, Nature Communications, 3, 1157 (2012). Supporting Information, Video 1, Video 2, Video 3. Featured Image of Nature Communications, MRS Materials 360, Physics Today

39. Jianfeng Zang, Xuanhe Zhao, Yanping Cao*, John W. Hutchinson*, Localized Ridge Wrinkling of Stiff Films on Compliant Substrates, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 60, 1265 (2012)

36. Xuanhe Zhao*, A Theory for Large Deformation and Damage of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 60, 319 (2012)

37. Lin Zhang, Qiming Wang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Mechanical Constraints Enhance Electrical Energy Densities of Soft Dielectrics, Applied Physics Letter, 99, 171906 (2011) Supporting Information.

35. Qiming Wang, Mukarram Tahir, Lin Zhang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Electro-creasing Instability in Deformed Polymers: Experiment and Theory, Soft Matter,7, 6583 (2011)

34. Qiming Wang, Lin Zhang, Xuanhe Zhao*, Creasing to Cratering instability in polymers under ultrahigh electric fields, Physical Review Letters, 106, 118301 (2011). Supporting Information, Video 1.

33. Soo Jin Adrian Koh, Tiefeng Li, Jinxiong Zhou, Xuanhe Zhao, Wei Hong, Jian Zhu, Zhigang Suo*, Mechanisms of large actuation strain in dielectric elastomers, Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, 49, 504 (2011)

32. Xuanhe Zhao, Soo Jin Adrian Koh, and Zhigang Suo*. Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of dielectric elastomers. International Journal of Applied Mechanics. 3, 203-217 (2011).

29. Xuanhe Zhao, Jaeyun Kim, Christine Cezar, Nathaniel Huebsch,Kangwon Lee, Kamal Bouhadir, and David Mooney*, Active Scaffolds for On-demand Drug and Cell Delivery, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108, 67 (2011). Supporting Information, Video 1, Video 2, Video 3, and Video 4. Research highlight by Nature, Research highlight by Nature Materials, and Research highlght by PNAS.

31. Shengqiang Cai, Yuhang Hu, Xuanhe Zhao, and Zhigang Suo*. Poroelasticity of a covalently crosslinked alginate hydrogel under compression. Journal of Applied Physics.108, 113514 (2010)

30. Sarah Vella, Xin Chen, Samuel Thomas, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo, George Whitesides*, The Determination of the Location of Contact Electrification-Induced Discharge Events, Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 114, 20885 (2010)

28. Xuanhe Zhao and Zhigang Suo*, Theory of dielectric elastomers capable of giant deformation of actuation, Physical Review Letters 104, 178302 (2010)

27. Philseok Kim, Lauren D. Zarzar, Xuanhe Zhao, Alexander Sidorenko, Joanna Aizenberg*, Microbristle in gels: Toward all-polymer reconfigurable hybrid surfaces, Soft Matter, 6, 750 (2010) Selected as Cover of Soft Matter

26. Yuhang Hu, Xuanhe Zhao, Joost Vlassak, Zhigang Suo*, Using indentation to characterize the poroelasticity of gels. Applied Physics Letters 96, 121904 (2010).

25. Romain Marcombe, Shengqiang Cai, Wei Hong, Xuanhe Zhao, Yuri Lapusta, Zhigang Suo*, A theory of constrained swelling of a pH-sensitive hydrogel. Soft Matter 6, 784-793 (2010).

23. Wei Hong, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Large deformation and electrochemistry of polyelectrolyte gels. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 58, 558-577 (2010).

22. Yuhang Hu, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Averting cracks caused by insertion reaction in lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Materials Research 25, 1007(2010).

15. Xuanhe Zhao, Nathaniel D. Huebsch, David J. Mooney, Zhigang Suo*, Stress-relaxation behavior in gels with ionic and covalent crosslinks. Journal of Applied Physics 107, 063509 (2010).

24. Wei Hong, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Formation of creases on the surfaces of elastomers and gels. Applied Physics Letters 95, 111901 (2009).

21. Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Electromechanical instability in semicrystalline polymers. Applied Physics Letters 95, 031904 (2009).

20. Soo Jin Adrian Koh, Xuanhe Zhao, and Zhigang Suo*, Maximal energy that can be converted by a dielectric elastomer generator. Applied Physics Letters 94, 262902 (2009).

19. Xin Zhou, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo, Chen Zou, J. Runt, Sheng Liu, Shihai Zhang, Q.M. Zhang*, Electrical breakdown and ultrahigh electrical energy density in poly(vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene) copolymer. Applied Physics Letters 94, 162901 (2009).

18. Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Method to analyze programmable deformation of dielectric elastomer layers. Applied Physics Letters, 93, 251902 (2008).

17. Tianhu He, Xuanhe Zhao and Zhigang Suo*, Equilibrium and stability of dielectric elastomer membranes undergoing inhomogeneous deformation. Journal of Applied Physics, 106, 083522 (2009).

16. Jiaping Zhang, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo, Hanqing Jiang*, A finite element method for transient analysis of concurrent large deformation and mass transport in gels. Journal of Applied Physics, 105, 093522 (2009).

14. Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Electrostriction in elastic dielectrics undergoing large deformation. Journal of Applied Physics, 104, 123530 (2008).

13. Mickael Moscardo, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Yuri Lapusta, On designing dielectric elastomer actuators. Journal of Applied Physics 104, 093503 (2008).

12. Xuanhe Zhao, Wei Hong, Zhigang Suo*, Inhomogeneous and anisotropic equilibrium state of a swollen hydrogel containing a hard core. Applied Physics Letters 92, 051904 (2008).

11. Wei Hong, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Drying-induced bifurcation in a hydrogel-actuated nanostructure. Journal of Applied Physics 104, 084905 (2008).

10. Wei Hong, Xuanhe Zhao, Jinxiong Zhou and Zhigang Suo*, A theory of coupled diffusion and large deformation in polymeric gels. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 56, 1779-1793 (2008). Top 10 Cited articles published in the last five years on JMPS.

9. Xuanhe Zhao, Wei Hong and Zhigang Suo*, Stretching and polarizing a dielectric gel immersed in a solvent. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 45, 4021-4031 (2008).

8. Xuanhe Zhao, Zhigang Suo*, Method to analyze electromechanical stability of dielectric elastomers, Applied Physics Letters 91, 061921 (2007).

7. Jinxiong Zhou, Wei Hong, Xuanhe Zhao, Zhiqian Zhang and Zhigang Suo*, Propagation of instability in dielectric elastomers. International Journal of Solids and Structures 45, 3739-3750 (2008).

6. Xuanhe Zhao, Wei Hong and Zhigang Suo*, Electromechanical coexistent states and hysteresis in dielectric elastomers, Physical Review B 76,134113 (2007).

5. Zhigang Suo*, Xuanhe Zhao and William H. Greene, A nonlinear field theory of deformable dielectrics. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 56, 467-286 (2008) Top 10 Cited articles published in the last five years on JMPS.

4. Xuanhe Zhao, Yugong Wu*, Zhigang Fan, Fei Li, Three-dimensional simulations of the complex dielectric properties of random composites by finite element method, Journal of Applied Physics 95, 8110 (2004)

3. Zhigang Fan, Yugong Wu*, Xuanhe Zhao, Yuzhu Lu, Simulation of polycrystalline structure with Voronoi diagram in Laguerre geometry based on random closed packing of spheres, Computational Materials Science 29, 301 (2004)

2. Xuanhe Zhao, and Yugong Wu*, Evaluation of the fitting efficiency of General Effective Medium equation and its modification, Journal of Materials Science 39, 291 (2004).

1. Yugong Wu*, Xuanhe Zhao, Fei Li, Zhigang Fan, Evaluation of mixing rules for dielectric constants of composite dielectrics by MC-FEM calculation on 3D cubic lattice, Journal of Electroceramics 11, 227 (2003)